Dame Vivienne Westwood, the rule-breaking vogue designer who helped bring the British punk movement into the mainstream with her outfits, has died. In a statement, her reps confirmed that she died currently (December 29) “peacefully and surrounded by her loved ones, in Clapham, South London.” Westwood was 81 years outdated.

Born Vivienne Isabel Swire in Hollingworth, England, on April 8, 1941, she began working with jewellery when her family members relocated to Harrow, Middlesex and she took a silversmith program at the College of Westminster. t Following marrying Hoover manufacturing facility apprentice Derek Westwood in 1962, she gave delivery to her very first son, Benjamin Westwood. A number of decades afterwards, the Westwoods divorced, and Vivienne married Malcolm McLaren. She gave start to her next son, Joseph Corré, in 1967.

In 1971, Westwood left her instructing career to create outfits total time, with McLaren creating numerous of the looks. The few opened a boutique specializing in revival outfits, but it wasn’t till they renamed it Intercourse in 1974 and stocked it with rebellious clothing—defined by ripped T-shirts, plaid styles, built-in rubber, mohair tops, and basic safety pins as embellishments—that it took off, serving as a assembly area for crucial figures in the tunes scene at the time this sort of as Sid Vicious, Siouxsie and the Banshees guitarist Marco Pirroni, and the Pop Team singer Mark Stewart. When McLaren grew to become the Intercourse Pistols’ manager soon afterward, the band began sporting the couple’s types, bringing that British punk seem into the mainstream and forever linking the two in history.

“It adjusted the way individuals looked,” Westwood reported of her early punk garments in an job interview with The Independent. “I was messianic about punk, seeing if just one could set a spoke in the system in some way. I realized there was no subversion with out suggestions. It is not adequate to want to wipe out every little thing.”

In the 1980s, Westwood shifted her style and design target from the punk scene to parodies of females in the upper class. It didn’t strike Westwood that she was a vogue designer right up until she debuted her formal style assortment, Pirates, in 1981. From there, she introduced the “mini crini,” a reinvention of the Victorian crinoline as a mini skirt, and started pushing at the boundaries of garments as a representation of women’s sexuality. In the years that followed, Westwood would go on to structure tutorial dresses for London’s King’s College or university, create uniforms for Virgin Atlantic flight crews, and mock up digital garments for movie activity figures like Lunafreya Nox Fleuret in Ultimate Fantasy XV.